Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) infesting plants of the order Sapindales (Angiospermae) in India

Abstract :

The article deals with the aphids infesting plants belonging to the order Sapindales, a group of flowering plants consisting of several economically important fruit trees such as cashew, pistachio, mango, litchi, neem, lemon, orange etc. Five families of it are infested by 67 species of aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) belonging to 6 subfamilies in India. Among them, the family Rutaceae are more vulnerable to aphid attack (19 species of plants infested by 21 species of aphids) followed by Anacardiaceae (15 species of plants infested by 24 species of aphids) and Sapindaceae (11 species of plants infested by 24 species of aphids). Among the aphid species, 6 species are highly polyphagous feeding on 8-24 plant species belonging to 2-5 families. Highly polyphagous species of aphids are Aphis (Toxoptera) aurantii Boyer de Fonsc. (25 plant species belonging to 13 genera and 5 families) followed by Aphis (Toxoptera) citricidus (Kirkaldy) (15 plant species belonging to 6 genera and 2 families), Aphis (Aphis) odinae (van der Goot) (14 plant species belonging to 8 genera and 2 families), Aphis (Aphis) gossypii Glover (13 plant species belonging to 6 genera and 4 families), and Aphis (Aphis) spiraecola Patch (9 plant species belonging to 5 genera and 3 families).


Keyword :

Anacardiaceae, Burseraceae, Meliaceae, Nitrariaceae, Rutaceae, Sapindaceae, Simoaroubaceae, Aphididae, citrus, litchee, neem, mango


Author(s) : Singh, R., Ahmad, Md. E., Nawal, D., Sinha, N.
Downloads : 17
Published Issue : 2023 Vol. 18 Number 1


2023 Vol. 18 Number 1